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FAO issues alert over lethal virus affecting popular tilapia fish

Though not a human health risk, Tilapia Lake Virus as a highly contagious disease is spreading among farmed and wild tilapia that threats one of the world's most important fish for human consumption, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) warned.

According to a press release published by the FAO Representation in the Islamic Republic of Iran, The outbreak should be treated with concern and countries importing tilapias should take appropriate risk-management measures - intensifying diagnostics testing, enforcing health certificates, deploying quarantine measures and developing contingency plans - according to a Special Alert released today by FAO's Global Information and Early Warnings System.

Tilapia Lake Virus (TiLV) has now been confirmed in Colombia, Ecuador, Egypt, Israel and Thailand.

While the pathogen poses no public health concern, it can decimate infected populations. In 2015, world tilapia production, from both aquaculture and capture, amounted to 6.4 million tonnes, with an estimated value of USD 9.8 billion, and worldwide trade was valued at USD1.8 billion.

It is not currently known whether the disease can be transmitted via frozen tilapia products, but "it is likely that TiLV may have a wider distribution than is known today and its threat to tilapia farming at the global level is significant," GIEWS said in its alert.

The disease shows highly variable mortality, with outbreaks in Thailand triggering the deaths of up to 90 percent of stocks. Infected fish often show loss of appetite, slow movements, dermal lesions and ulcers, ocular abnormalities, and opacity of lens. As a reliable diagnostic test for TiLV is available, it should be applied to rule out TiLV as the causal agent of unexplained mortalities.

Tilapias are the second most important aquaculture species in volume termsproviding food, jobs and domestic and export earnings for millions of people, including many smallholders.

Their affordable price, omnivorous diet, tolerance to high-density farming methods and usually strong resistance to disease makes them an important protein source, especially in developing countries and for poorer consumers. China, Indonesia and Egypt are the three leading aquaculture producers of tilapia.

 

 
 
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Our oceans, our future

TEHRAN, 28 May 2017 (UNIC) -- The high-level United Nations Conference to Support the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development will be convened at United Nations Headquarters in New York from 5 to 9 June 2017, coinciding with World Oceans Day.The Governments of Fiji and Sweden have the co-hosting responsibilities of the Conference.

The Conference aims to be the game changer that will reverse the decline in the health of our ocean for people, planet and prosperity. It will be solutions-focused with engagement from all.

The Conference shall:

Identify ways and means to support the implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14;

Build on existing successful partnerships and stimulate innovative and concrete new partnerships to advance the implementation of Goal 14;

Involve all relevant stakeholders, bringing together Governments, the United Nations system, other intergovernmental organizations, international financial institutions, non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, academic institutions the scientific community, the private sector, philanthropic organizations and other actors to assess challenges and opportunities relating to, as well as actions taken towards, the implementation of Goal 14;

Share the experiences gained at the national, regional and international levels in the implementation of Goal 14;

Contribute to the follow-up and review process of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by providing an input to the high-level political forum on sustainable development, in accordance with resolutions 67/290 of 9 July 2013, 70/1 of 25 September 2015 and 70/299 of 29 July 2016, on the implementation of Goal 14, including on opportunities to strengthen progress in the future;

The Conference shall comprise plenary meetings, partnership dialogues and a special event commemorating World Oceans Day.

The Conference shall adopt by consensus a concise, focused, intergovernmentally agreed declaration in the form of a "Call for Action" to support the implementation of Goal 14 and a report containing the co-chairs' summaries of the partnership dialogues, as well as a list of voluntary commitments for the implementation of Goal 14, to be announced at the Conference.

The President of the General Assembly will convene a two-day preparatory meeting, on 15-16 February 2017, at United Nations Headquarters in New York, to be chaired by H.E. Mr. Alvaro Mendonya Moura, Permanent Representative of Portugal to the UN, and H.E. Mr. Burhan Gafoor, Permanent Representative of Singapore to the UN, the two co-facilitators, with a view to considering the themes for the partnership dialogues and elements for a "Call for Action".

Mr. Wu Hongbo, Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations is the Secretary-General of the Conference. Mr. Miguel de Serpa Soares, Under-Secretary-General for Legal Affairs and United Nations Legal Counsel is the special advisor to the Presidents of the Conference on oceans and legal matters.

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Graduate students from Islamic Azad University learn more about UN

25 May 2017 – UN Information Center (UNIC) Tehran hold a workshop on “Finding UN Information and Documentation” for some 15 graduate students of the international law from Islamic Azad University South Tehran Branch at the UN office in Tehran on 22 May 2017. UNIC Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami-Farahani, who conducted this workshop, elaborated on some basic facts about the UN and briefed the audience about history of the UN.  
Finding UN information and documentation workshop participants

25 May 2017 – UN Information Center (UNIC) Tehran hold a workshop on “Finding UN Information and Documentation” for some 15 graduate students of the international law from Islamic Azad University South Tehran Branch at the UN office in Tehran on 22 May 2017.

UNIC Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami-Farahani, who conducted this workshop, elaborated on some basic facts about the UN and briefed the audience about history of the UN.

The students got familiar with the structure of the UN document symbols as well as the structure of a UN resolution. The focus was made on UN bodies such as the Security Council, the International Court of Justice and  International Law Commission. Websites of Treaty Collection and UN Audiovisual Library of International Law were also introduced. A video on ICJ with Persian subtitles was screened for the group. Persian copies of UN Charter, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN System Chart were distributed among the participants.

 

UNIC Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami-Farahani and participants

Dr. Nasrin Mosaffa, the professor of the participating students who was the organizer of the programme found the workshop very useful.

 

Workshops “Finding UN Information and Documentation” are regularly organized by the UNIC for all interested groups. For more information about how to attend these workshops and learn how to navigate the UN web site, please contact UN Information Center: Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami (e-mail: nazanin.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.'; document.getElementById('cloak65018').innerHTML += ''+addy_text65018+'<\/a>'; //-->  – Tel. No.: 0098 21- 22873837). 

 
 

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UNESCO Representative visits community-based project on sustainable natural resources management in Zanjan Province

“Sustainability requires changes in the ways we produce and consume. Fundamentally, it requires new ways of seeing the world, new ways of thinking about our responsibilities to each other and our planet”, said Ms. Kuisch Laroche, UNESCO Representative, at a meeting with the Zanjan Natural Resources and Watershed Organisation. Forest areas in Zanjan Province are sparsely covered with large expanses of manually planted trees and local communities are increasingly dependent on forest ecosystems for their food and livelihoods. Unsustainable practices have led to the widespread degradation of forest ecosystems and have also reduced the effectiveness of climate change adaptation strategies.  
Agh-Golagh Village in the Ghezeltape Watershed of Arpachai

“Sustainability requires changes in the ways we produce and consume. Fundamentally, it requires new ways of seeing the world, new ways of thinking about our responsibilities to each other and our planet”, said Ms. Kuisch Laroche, UNESCO Representative, at a meeting with the Zanjan Natural Resources and Watershed Organisation.

 

Forest areas in Zanjan Province are sparsely covered with large expanses of manually planted trees and local communities are increasingly dependent on forest ecosystems for their food and livelihoods. Unsustainable practices have led to the widespread degradation of forest ecosystems and have also reduced the effectiveness of climate change adaptation strategies.

 

Within this context, the Forests Range and Watershed Management Organization (FRWO), in close cooperation with the Zanjan Natural Resources and Watershed Organization (ZNRWO), is implementing a pilot project entitled “Enhancing Women’s Capacity for Sustainable Natural Resource Management” in the Ghezeltape Watershedin Agh-Golagh Village, located in Arpachai. The overall goal of the project is to empower women to participate in community-based decision-making processes related to managing and safeguarding local natural resources.

 

FRWO invited Ms. Kuisch Laroche to visit the project to discuss possible areas of cooperation with UNESCO.

 

On 23 May 2017, the UNESCO Representative met with the Governor General of Zanjan, Dr Asadollah Darvish Amiri, and other key provincial officials, as well as representatives from FRWO and ZNRWO.

Dr Amiri stressed that poverty is an important driver of degradation of forest ecosystems, as local communities resort to unsustainable use of resources to meet their immediate needs. He highlighted the importance of educating rural populations to be less reliant on natural resources and the promotion of sustainable alternative livelihoods to mitigate the impacts of climate change.

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On 24 May 2017, Mr Javad Rahmati, Assistant Governor of Zanjan; Dr Khalil Aghajanloo, Director General of ZNRWO; Colonel Ghasem Sabzali, Head of Protection Unit of FRWO; Mr Mohammad Ebrahim Fallah Kohan, Deputy Director General of Public Relations and International Affairs of FRWO, provincial officials, and representatives of FRWO and ZNRWO met with the UNESCO Representative to discuss possible areas of collaboration in the context of the project “Enhancing Women’s Capacity for Sustainable Natural Resource Management in the Ghezeltape Watershed”.

Following the meeting, Ms. Kuisch Laroche visited Agh-Golagh Village and had the opportunity to meet with local community members who showcased their handicrafts, as well as the medicinal plants grown by the community.

Through its Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) and the World Network of Biosphere Reserves, UNESCO has gained precious global experience in fostering the harmonious integration of people and nature for sustainable development through participatory dialogue; knowledge sharing; poverty reduction and human well-being improvements; respect for cultural values and society’s ability to cope with change. The lessons learned from those experiences can be shared with communities around the world.

In addition, UNESCO has been spearheading global efforts towards Education for Sustainable Development since 2005, promoting the integration of critical issues, such as climate change, biodiversity, disaster risk reduction (DRR), and sustainable consumption and production, into the curriculum in order to enable a transition to greener economies and societies.

For more information about UNESCO’s global activities in this regard, please see:

http://en.unesco.org/themes/education-sustainable-development

http://www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/ecological-sciences/biosphere-reserves/ 
 
 
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Finding UN Information and Documentation Workshop held in Qom

24 May 2017 – Mofid University Centre for Human Rights Studies and UN Information Centre (UNIC) Tehran on 15 May 2017 held a workshop on “Finding UN Information and Documentation” for more than 40 students of the international law, human rights, international relations and political science from different universities across Iran in Qom city. The UNIC Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami-Farahani, who conducted this workshop, elaborated on some basic facts about the UN and briefed the audience about history of the UN.  
Finding UN information and documentation workshop participants

24 May 2017 – Mofid University Centre for Human Rights Studies and UN Information Centre (UNIC) Tehran on 15 May 2017 held a workshop on “Finding UN Information and Documentation” for more than 40 students of the international law, human rights, international relations and political science from different universities across Iran in Qom city.

The UNIC Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami-Farahani, who conducted this workshop, elaborated on some basic facts about the UN and briefed the audience about history of the UN.

The students got familiar with the structure of the UN document symbols. Overview and methods of searching through some of Dag Hammarskjold Library (DHL) resources and databases such as UNBISNET and Official Document System were included in the programme of the workshop.

The focus was made on UN bodies related to international law and human rights such as International Law Commission, the Human Rights Council, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) Treaty Collection and UN Audiovisual Library of International Law. The participants learnt how to locate a multilateral treaty and its status through theUN Treaty Database.

 

UNIC Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami-Farahani

Persian translations of the UN Charter, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the UN system chart were distributed among the students. 

 

The Deputy President of the Centre for Human Rights Studies Dr. Alireza Maleki who is also the Director of the Mofid University Library expressed his satisfaction from the joint activities and hoped to have more cooperation with UNIC Tehran.

 

Workshops “Finding UN Information and Documentation” are regularly organized by the UNIC for all interested groups. For more information about how to attend these workshops and learn how to navigate the UN web site, please contact UN Information Center: Reference Assistant Ms. Nazanin Ghaemmaghami (e-mail:nazanin.This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.'; document.getElementById('cloak17963').innerHTML += ''+addy_text17963+'<\/a>'; //-->  – Tel. No.: +98 -21- 22873837)  

 

 
 

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